Some memorable days

Some of the more notable days in the Weather Almanac:
23-24 January 1963:
1962-3 was the coldest winter of the record: in fact it had the lowest CET since 1740. The most severe spell was from 21-25 January. Just as it seemed the severe cold might be ameliorating, a fresh burst of easterly winds behind a deepening low which plunged south across the country brought heavy snowfall on the 21st. The 22nd was brilliantly sunny with a bitter wind. The following night under clear skies the coldest night of the winter (11F, -11.6C) followed and despite sunny skies the day following could only reach 24F (-4.4C). Fog formation restricted the overnight low to 13F (-10.6C) but fog held the maximum to a perishing 21F (-5.6C). Thereafter temperatures began a slow recovery
Pressure maps for 23 January 1963 and 24 January 1963

29 March 1965
At the end of a month of contrasts (It began with harsh frosts- down on the 2nd to 14F (-10C) and then a more changeable period, pressure rose in an open warm sector on the 28th. The night following fell to just 35F (1.4C). But with unbroken sunshine and a low-level inversion there was an unprecedented rise in temperature to reach 74F (23.4C)- a March record.
Pressure map for 29 March 1965

2 June 1975  
A fine May had ended with high pressure retreating northwards and a burst of cold NE winds. There was a large reservoir of very cold air in the Arctic north of Iceland. Late on the 1st a polar low formed near Iceland and ran south-eastward.. Under clear skies the thermometer dropped to 2.0C, and as the low neared it produced a heavy shower of sleet and snow.
Pressure map for 2 June 1975

15 February 1979
1978-79 was one of the snowiest winters of the record (although less so than 1946-47). The heaviest fall occurred on 14 February. Newark received 6 inches level snow and accompanying strong winds led to severe drifting. Many villages around Newark were cut off for several days. The ferocity of the storm can be adjudged by the fact that for many hours falling snow reduced visibility to less than 100m. The day maximum was -2.7C
Pressure map for 15 February 1979

1 October 1985
This was the remarkable coda to an indifferent summer. The last week of September had produced a prolonged Indian Summer with gentle southerly breezes and day maxima of 22-24C. AS the high moved away freshening southerly breezes brought air from far south. The day began with an overnight low of 17.0C, and by 08h it had already climbed to 21C. The afternoon maximum was 28.6C- the hottest of the year
Pressure map for 1 October 1985

3 August 1990.
This was 'hot Friday'. High pressure to the east had produced sunny weather with steadily climbing temperatures all week. It culminated in what was for many places the hottest day on record. Newark reached a staggering 37.0C (98.6F)
Pressure map for 3 August 1990

9 August 2004
In a summer of repeated heavy rainstorms, the one which occurred on the 9th August was record breaking. The preceding days had been mostly warm and sunny, then an old hurricane approached winds backed SE on the 8th which reached 29.1C. Rain began to fall at 08h on the 9th and did not finally cease until 12h on the 10th. In that period, 107.8mm rain fell, of which 98.4mm during the 'rainfall day' of the 9th
Pressure map for 9 August 2004

28 November 2010
The early part of November 2010 had been mild, but  northeasterlies spread across the UK on the 22nd and it became progressively colder. There had been snow early on the 27th leaving a 2cm cover, with further snow showers through the day. As wind fell light and skies cleared, an exceptionally cold night followed, with a record low for November of -8.8C
Pressure map for 28 November 2010   Video of BBC Forecast

1 July 2015
This was the outstanding day of a poor summer. Britain became sandwiched between  high pressure to the west and low pressure approaching from the Atlantic. Weather had become very hot over Spain and France and souteasterly winds briefly fed this hot air into the UK. Temperature peaked at 35.6C: the second hottest day on record
Pressure map for 1 July 2015  Video of BBC Forecast

An Autumn Heatwave

(all charts show surface pressure and 1000-500mb GPM at 00h, and are from the archives of the Deutsche Wetterdienst)